History of Track and Field:
Track and field is a team sport made up of many individual competi – tions.The first structured track and field meets took place in 776 BC in Greece. The original competition involved long jump, javelin, discus, wrestling, and running. This was the only athletic event of the games for the first 13 Olympic festivals.
It is a game where both men and women participate, but the events for men and women are different. For many years track and field was considered a purely amateur sport and athletes could not accept training money or cash prizes. In the beginning of 1920s track and field is scope widened. The first NCAA national championships were held for men in 1921, and women is track and field became part of the Olympic Games in 1928.
Track and Field is a game which involve wide variety of events including walking, running, jumping, and throwing events. Athletes earn points for their team by finishing in a scoring place, ranging from three to eight places for individual scoring and one to eight places for relays.The team with the highest total points wins the game.
The running and hurdling competitions constitutes the track events, while the jumping and throwing contests comprise the field events. Running track has eight lanes, and races are run counterclockwise. There are many types of running events which includes sprints, relays, and distance races. Sprinting events include the 100 m, 200 m, and 400 m races. The relays are the 400 m, 1600 m, and 3200 m races. Distance races includes the 800 m and 3200 m distance.
Hurdles means obstacles. Obstacles are placed on the tracks. Generally there are 8 to 10 hurdles are placed at certain distance.
In Throw event the goal is to throw the different objects like discus, shot, and javelin as far as possible. The athletes with the top 8 or 10 furthest throws advance to the finals.
The jumping events are made up of horizontal jumps and vertical jumps. In horzontal jumping, the athlete with the farthest jump wins; in vertical jumping the athlete with the highest height wins. The jumping event involves: Long Jump, High Jump, Pole Vault, and Triple Jump.
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