History of tennis

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origins of tennis are lost in the mist of time. History of tennis is hard to trace.Some people belived that tennis originated from a 12th century French game called paume (meaning palm). It was a court game where the ball was struck with the hand. Later rackets were used.

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The theory says that the name tennis derives from the Egyptian town of Tinnis alongside the Nile and the word racquet evolved from the Arabic word for palm of the hand. The 1st tennis ball was made of leather stuffed with wool or hair. Although the origins of tennis are not very much clear, many experts believe that tennis was invented in 1873 by Major Walter Clopton Wingfield, a British army officer. Tennis was earlier called Lawn Tennis. After 1800 game was popularised in Europe and rules were formalised. In 1877, the game rules were standardised. In the 1880s the British Army and Civilian Officers brought the game to India.
In India, regular tournaments like ‘Punjab Lawn tennis Championship’ at Lahore (which is now in Pakistan) (1885); ‘Bengal Lawn Tennis Championship’ at Calcutta (1887) and the All India Tennis Championships at Allahabad in (1910) were organised. In March 1920 All India Lawn Tennis Association (AILTA) was formed at Lahore. In Davis Cup ties between 1921 to 1929 India beat among others France, Romania, Holland, Belgium. Spain and Greece. The concept of tennis underwent a change in 1968 with Wimbledon and other tournaments going professional with prize money for the players.

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Lawn Tennis is a game which can be played indoors as well as outdoors on a rectangular court by two persons (in singles) and by four persons (in doubles). The rectangular court is required to be 78 feet long and 27 feet wide. The court is divided at the middle by net. The players use rackets to strike a ball across the net. The objective in this game is to score points by hitting the ball in such a way that ball moves out of the opponents reach and opponent cannot return it successfully. A player who gains 4 points with an advantage of two or more points over the opponent wins a game. 6 games make one set. A player who gains two out of 3 sets wins a match

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