It is impossible to say with certainty where and when soccer started. There are evidences which emphasize that there exists a game which involves kicking a ball into a small net . This game was used by the Chinese military during the Han Dynasty – around the 2nd and 3rd centuries BC.
The Greeks and Romans were also involved in a variation of soccer which permitted ball carrying. The early Olympic games in ancient Rome featured twenty-seven men on a side who completed so vigorously that two-thirds of them had to be hospitalized after a fifty-minute game. In King Edward’s reign of England (1307-1327), laws were passed that threatened imprisonment to anyone caught playing soccer. Laws, however, failed to stop the sport, which had earned official sanction in England by 1681.
A historical record of the development of soccer in England shows that Eton college had the earliest known rules of the game in 1815. The first official men’s Olympic soccer tournament dates back to the 1908 London Games, where Great Britain defeated Denmark to claim the first soccer gold medal. Since that time soccer has been part of every Olympic Games Program, with the exception of the 1932 Los Angeles Games.
Soccer in India:
Soccer was carried to continental Europe, South America, and India by British sailors and settlers, and it gained instant appeal wherever it was demonstrated. In 1908 the sport was made a regular Olympic Games event. In India, Soccer mania is always at its peak in Kolkata which is the capital of West Bengal, with a rich tradition of club football.
Check out some more useful sites.
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- Christiano Ronaldo – “A kean favourite of Man United manager Sir Alex Ferguson, Christiano Ronaldo is a key part of the first team.”
- Ottenham Football Club – Tottenham news, match reports, results, league tables, player squads, statistics, history, ground directions and form tables. The ultimate Tottenham website.
- West Brom Football Club – West Brom news, match reports, results, league tables, player squads, statistics, history, ground directions and form tables. The ultimate West Brom website.
- West Ham Football Club – West Ham news, match reports, results, league tables, player squads, statistics, history, ground directions and form tables. The ultimate West Ham website.
- Wigan Football Club – Wigan news, match reports, results, league tables, player squads, statistics, history, ground directions and form tables. The ultimate Wigan website.
Game and its requirements:
The elements of soccer are really very simple and that’s why it is most widely played sport in the world. Soccer is a national sport of 53 countries. The rules of soccer are few and relatively easy to understand.
The field to play this game is reqiured to have the following dimensions: minimum 100 m , maximum 110 m in length and minimum 64 m , maximum 75 m in width. The field of play is divided into two halves by a halfway line. The centre mark is indicated at the midpoint of the halfway line. A circle with a radius of 9.15 m (10 yds) is marked around it. Goals must be placed on the centre of each goal line.
The Soccer ball is spherical in shape and is of a circumference of not more than 70 cm and not less than 68 cm.
A match is played by two teams, each consisting of not more than eleven players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. A match may not start if either team consists of fewer than seven players. Each match include one referee and two assistant referees. The match lasts for two equal periods of 45 minutes in which Players are entitled to have an interval at half-time and the interval must not exceed 15 minutes.
A goal is scored when the ball passes over the goal line, between the goalposts and under the crossbar. A player cannot kick, trip, jump at, charge, strike, push, hold an opponent. If a player does this then it is considered as a foul. For both direct and indirect free kicks, the ball must be stationary when the kick is taken and the kicker does not touch the ball a second time until it has touched another player. A penalty kick is awarded against a team which commits one of the ten offences for which a direct free kick is awarded, inside its own penalty area and while the ball is in play. The Golden Goal and taking kicks from the penalty mark are methods of determining the winning team.